“The Cubist painters rejected the inherited concept that art should copy nature, or that they should adopt the traditional techniques of perspective, modeling, and foreshortening.” (Rewald & Sabine,2004)


Pablo Picasso’Factory, Horta de Ebbo’, 1909

If you’re like me and have next to no knowledge on cubism here’s a few need to knows.

Cubism is one of the most influential visual art styles of the early 20th century, created, of course by one of the most influential artist of that time, Pablo Picasso.

There were 2 distinct phases of the cubism movement:

  1. Pre 1912: Analytical Cubism.

“Here the artist analyzed the subject from many different viewpoints and reconstructed it within a geometric framework, the overall effect of which was to create an image that evoked a sense of the subject. These fragmented images were unified by the use of a subdued and limited palette of colours.” (Art Factory,2015)


Georges Braque’Violin and Jug’, 1910

  1. Post 1912: Synthetic Cubism

“Around 1912, the styles of Picasso and Braque were becoming predictable. Their images had grown so similar that their paintings of this period are often difficult to tell apart. Their work was increasingly abstract and less recognizable as the subject of their titles. Cubism was running out of creative steam. In an attempt to revitalise the style and pull it back from total abstraction, Picasso began to glue printed images from the ‘real world’ onto the surface of his still lifes. His painting ‘Still Life with Chair Caning’ was the first example of this ‘collage’ technique and it opened the door for himself and other artists to the second phase of the Cubist style: Synthetic Cubism.” (Art Factory, 2015)

Although the cubism movement started and finished within a 13year period, it influenced many of the modern art styles such as futurism, vorticism, supermatism, constructivism, expressionism and influenced several of the design and architectural styles of the 20th century.

Reference list

Rewald, Sabine. (2004, October) “Cubism”. In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000. Retrieved from

(2015) Cubism – The First Style of Abstract art. Retrieved from


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